On May 12, 1820, Florence Nightingal, the pioneer of modern nursing was born into privileged English society.

From the beginning of her life, Florence felt a calling for the nursing profession and this posed a scandal with her priviledged family because nursing was considered a profession for the poor and ill-educated.

During the Crimean War, Florence is credited with saving many lives that would have otherwise died on the battlefiled. She revolutionized the nursing profession and trained nurses as they tended to fallen soldiers using techniques of triage, sanitation and organization. 

Florence Nightingale returned home to England a heroine and a national figure. Her book “Notes on Nursing” became the definitive text on her new methodologies. She died at age 90 and was offered a burial at Westminster Abbey, which her family declined.